Negative Grade (Poor Ground Sloping)
Poor grading and drainage around the home can cause water to pool around the home and moisture into the foundation. Proper grading is needed to ensure the water moves away from the foundation and the home stays dry.
Horizontal or L-shape cracks in the exterior foundation, chimneys, outdoor steps, slabs and retaining walls are indications of potential foundation issues. Cracks on walls around doorways, windows and doors that stick, and sloping floors can also be indicators of an issue.
Elevated Radon Levels
Radon is an odorless, invisible radioactive gas that forms from the natural breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water. Typically, it moves through the ground to the air above and into your home. It is the second leading cause of lung cancer, and the number one cause among non-smokers. The only way to know is to test.
Security and Safety Features
Doors and windows have working locks, carbon monoxide and smoke detectors should be present according to the authority having jurisdiction.
Cast iron, polybutylene, and galvanized materials are outdated and no longer meet standards and should be updated. Water should drain freely without clogging or leaking. Visible leaks could lead to mold issues and should be fixed as soon as possible.
Wood destroying insects like termites, carpenter ants and carpenter bees can cause significant damage to the home.
Aged and faulty roofs with cracked and loose shingles, improper flashing, or debris and moss covering can cause the entire home to be susceptible to damage.
Along with ensuring the proper functioning of AC and furnace units, the flue pipes and ductwork should also be properly installed and free from any cracks and defects. Gas-fired furnaces should have adequate ventilation to prevent gas leaks.
Faulty and Old Electrical Systems
Exposed wiring and splices, double tapped circuit breakers and dated knob-and-tube wiring present a danger for the home. These are fire hazards and need to be updated to meet current standards. Missing or faulty GFCI outlets are a common finding. GFCI outlets should be present in any areas of the home where a water source is present, such as bathrooms and kitchens.
Floods, leaking pipes in kitchens and bathroom, roofs, windows, and from the foundation with a negative grade sloping towards your home. Intrusion can also occur in doorways, vents, and heating and cooling systems. Water intrusion can lead to structural issues and mold growth.